Ottawa has announced $26.6 million in funding for research to help better understand noise pressures on marine mammals. Darren Fisher, a Halifax-area MP, made the announcement today on behalf of the new Fisheries and Oceans Minister, Jonathan Wilkinson, at Halifax’s Bedford Institute of Oceanography where much of the research will be carried out. The Fisheries Department says the research will help identify how to reduce the impacts of noise stressors on whales and other marine species. It says the initial focus will be to better understand the effect of shipping-related noise on right whales, the southern resident killer whale (SRKW) and the St. Lawrence Estuary beluga, amongst others. As part of the initiative, Dalhousie University in Halifax will receive $635,000 to support its monitoring of the North Atlantic right whales in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Roseway Basin, off southern Nova Scotia and the University of BC will receive $1.1M to examine how changes in the food web affect the abundance and quality of Chinook salmon in critical habitats of the SRKW.
Canada Border Services Agency has released Customs Notice 18-09, amending the time frames for the release of commercial goods. This notice will supercede Appendix B, in Memorandum, D17-1-4 Release of Commercial Goods. Upon implementation of changes to the house bill process (Date TBD), goods imported through the commercial process will only be eligible for release upon arrival of the goods at final destination (i.e. arrival at the location where the importer is seeking release). Changes to release time frames are required as a result of the amendments to the Reporting of Imported Goods Regulations and the Customs Sufferance Warehouse Regulations which came into force . These amendments established the requirement for carriers and warehouse operators, to electronically notify the CBSA of the arrival of goods. Note CBSA has released a new version of the Electronic Commerce Client Requirements Document (ECCRD), “Chapter 1: Advance Commercial Information (ACI) Marine” containing a number of updates, wording changes and clarifications on sub-location codes. An update to this Customs Notice will be published when an official system release date is available for the house bill process.
Changes to the occupational health and safety regulations for workers exposed to grain dust and flour dust in federally regulated workplaces take effect. The regulations will significantly lower the risk of workers coming into contact with airborne substances in the workplace, while ensuring consistency with most provincial and territorial regulations. These changes will also align the exposure limits for these hazardous substances with the highest safety standards in Canada and internationally. The Occupational Exposure Limit (OEL) for grain dust in the federal jurisdiction of 10 mg/m3 is higher than the limit recommended by scientific consensus to protect the health and safety of employees at risk. The OEL for grain dust will be decreased to 4 mg/m3.
On July 11, the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, announced that amendments to the Marine Mammal Regulations (MMR) are now published in the Canada Gazette, Part II. The new rules for whale watching and approaching marine mammals, which are now in effect, will provide a minimum approach distance of 100 metres for most whales, dolphins and porpoises to legally protect these animals from human disturbances. The required distance requirement will be greater for certain marine mammals, including killer whales in B.C. and the St. Lawrence Estuary Beluga in Quebec, because of the threats they already face or because of local geography. These variations include:
The requirement to respect the approach distances does not apply to a vessel that is in transit. Amendments to the MMR also require operaters of a vehicle to report a collision or or other accidental contact with a marine mammal. Before the changes to the regulations, voluntary guidelines existed but they were not enforceable. These amendments now make it possible for anyone in contravention of the Regulations to be charged with an offence under the Fisheries Act.
The federal government is trying to figure out what to do with the MV Sun Sea, and has issued a Request for Information (RFI). Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) is requesting Industry feedback regarding potential options for the vessel, which has been in the custody of the Canada Border Services Agency since 2010. The government is interested in obtaining input on alternative disposal methods that are environmentally sound and lower costs to Canada Taxpayers. The MV Sun Sea was carrying 492 Sri Lankan Tamils when it was intercepted off the coast of British Columbia on August 12, 2010. It is currently moored at a facility on the Fraser River in Delta, BC.
Transport Canada has issued Ship Safety Bulletin No. 09/2018 to remind vessel owners, authorized representatives and operators of commercial passenger vessels that they must “...develop procedures for the safe operation of the vessel and for dealing with emergencies.”
The Canadian Coast Guard opened the first of four new search and rescue stations planned for the west coast. The new Victoria station is in service now and enhances the Coast Guard’s marine search and rescue capacity around Victoria and in the eastern and central Strait of Juan de Fuca. It builds on the Coast Guard’s longstanding partnerships with volunteer organizations like the Royal Canadian Marine Search and Rescue, as well as with the Royal Canadian Navy and local first responders, to improve the marine safety system in the region. The station will be home to a 14.7-metre Canadian Coast Guard lifeboat and a Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat, and is located at the Victoria Canadian Coast Guard Base in James Bay. It will operate 24-hours-a-day. The west coast will also see two new search and rescue lifeboats in British Columbia in 2019. The CCGS McIntyre Bay will be stationed at Prince Rupert, and the CCGS Pachena Bay will serve the Port Hardy area as an interim measure. These vessels will be able to operate up to 100 nautical miles from shore, delivering modern search and rescue capability.
The Government of Canada has rejected the proposed Ajax Mine project in British Columbia because it was determined that the project will likely cause significant adverse environmental effects that cannot be justified in the circumstances. The Ajax mine proposal would have involved the construction and operation of a conventional open-pit copper and gold mine located adjacent to Kamloops, BC with an approximate lifespan of 23 years. The Government of Canada's decision follows an earlier decision by British Columbia to decline to issue the project a provincial environmental assessment certificate.
The Minister of Transport, the Honourable Marc Garneau, has announced Canada’s $167.4 million Whales Initiative. The initiative seeks to protect and support the recovery of the Southern Resident Killer Whale, the North Atlantic right whale, and the St. Lawrence Estuary beluga whale through comprehensive actions tailored to address the unique combinations of threats.
Specifically in regards to the Southern Resident Killer Whales in the Salish Sea, the Government of Canada recognizes that they face an imminent threat to survival and recovery which requires immediate attention. Canada’s Whales Initiative includes immediate and comprehensive action to support their recovery by addressing the main threats they face: lack of prey, disturbance from vessels, including noise and pollution from land-based sources. Key actions include:
Reducing disturbance from underwater vessel noise by:
Improving prey availability for the Southern Resident Killer Whales by:
Enhancing monitoring under the water and in the air by:
Encouraging compliance and strengthening enforcement by:
The Minister clearly stated that these actions could include additional mandatory measures, legislative changes and adoption of new technologies. Fisheries and Oceans Canada is also undertaking a Whale Innovation Challenge initiative in partnership with Nesta’s Challenge Prize Centre to develop solutions towards real-time detection and location of whales. This initiative aims to mobilize the technology development community in Canada and globally to develop whale-specific solutions to better understand the location, abundance and movements of whales and whale populations. This will contribute to scientific whale research and overall efforts to protect endangered whales in Canada.
Today the Government of Canada announced a major investment of $167 million for three projects to improve port infrastructure, increasing the capacity and fluidity of the rail infrastructure that serves the south shore port area. The first two projects are led by the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, with investment from Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway and include:
The third project led by Canadian National, with investment from the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, involves designing and building a 4.2 kilometre-long secondary track, parallel to the existing Burrard Inlet line, in the City of Vancouver. The increased rail capacity will support the flow of goods through the south shore port area, as trade volumes continue to grow.
The Canadian Coast Guard and Public Services and Procurement Canada has issued an Advanced Contract Award Notice (ACAN) to Chantier Davie of Lévis, Quebec, for the acquisition and conversion of three medium commercial icebreakers. These ships would provide interim capability for the Canadian Coast Guard, while replacement vessels are being built under the National Shipbuilding Strategy.
The Nanaimo Port Authority has received $6.3 million from the federal government toward a new 60,000 square-foot Vehicle Processing Centre and supporting infrastructure to repurpose its existing Nanaimo Assembly Wharf as a multi-purpose general cargo terminal with an initial focus on automobiles. The project will improve Canada’s supply chain for automobiles imported into the country by addressing the significant existing transportation bottlenecks, vulnerabilities and congestion while also providing sustainable economic development opportunities for Nanaimo and Vancouver Island. The project is expected to have significant economic and employment benefits by creating an estimated 200 jobs during construction and eventually as many as 100 permanent jobs.
The World Maritime University is seeking an experienced leader with an excellent academic track record to fill the post of the Canadian Chair in Marine Environmental Protection. The Canadian Chair has the opportunity to teach, research and deliver student supervisory programmes in the fields of marine environmental protection / management and marine spatial planning, as well as lead interdisciplinary innovative research programmes across the realm of maritime and ocean sectors. Applications from Canadian citizens will be accepted by the World Maritime University until August 31, 2018. Transport Canada has also seeking applications for Marine Policy Officers (EC-04) and Marine Policy Analysts (EC-05)Marine Policy Analysts (EC-05) in eastern Canada.
On June 14, the Honourable Francois-Philippe Champagne, Minister of International Trade, introduced legislation in the House of Commons for the implementation of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). The CPTPP will provide Canadian exporters and investors across a broad range of sectors with preferential access to fast-growing markets in the Asia-Pacific region, including Japan, Malaysia and Vietnam. This willl set a new standard for free trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region by including robust and enforceable provisions in areas such as labour and the environment. The CPTPP Agreement will enter into force 60 days after at least six of the partner countries complete their respective ratification procedures. Once in force the CPTPP is expected to boost Canada's GDP by 4.2 billion.
The Government of Canada has provided the Raincoast Conservation Foundation with $2.6M over five years for a project to help restore coastal habitats in the Fraser River Estuary of British Columbia. The Raincoast Conservation Foundation’s estuary connectivity project will improve connectivity and natural processes on the banks of the Fraser River Estuary for the benefit of juvenile chinook, pink and chum salmon, as well as other fish species, and the species which rely on them. The work will involve the collaborative efforts of many people working and living on the lower Fraser River. The funding comes from the $75 million Coastal Restoration Fund commited to help rehabilitate some of the most vulnerable coastlines and protect marine life and ecosystems.
The Government of Canada has launched WhaleMap, a new interactive mapping tool that displays the recent known locations of the whales as they travel in Canadian waters. The map displays near real-time whale detection information provided by various partners who contribute airborne, vessel and acoustic glider detections of the North Atlantic right whale. By providing this information on the web, partners will be better able to work together and ocean industries and members of the public will have rapid access to the most comprehensive information available. Users will be able to view recent right whale detections and also customize the map to display various surveillance efforts and protection measures. The project received $57, 500 in funding support from the Oceans Protection Plan.